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What Causes The Program To Affect The Servlet Lifecycle And How Can This Be Fixed?



If you’ve noticed a Servlet lifecycle program, this guide will help.



  • This is where the life of a servlet begins.
  • This method is called only once to load the servlet. Since it is called only once in a lifetime, the “connected architecture” code is written there because we only want to connect to the database once.
    The question arises: –
    Q: Why can’t we write code for connected architectures in the constructor, since the constructor is executed only once in its life?
    Years. For example, if the connection fails, we can throw an exception from init () and the rest of the steps will complete. But in the constructor, which we cannot use, we run the prototype, otherwise it is an error.
  • This method receives only one parameter, i.e. H. ServletConfig object.
  • This method offers the ability to throw a ServletException.
  • After the servlet is initialized, it can handle the client’s request.
  • Prototype init () method:
     public void init (ServletConfig con) throws ServletException {} 

    where con is a ServletConfig object

  • NOTE. – In our servlet programs, we use a non-parameterized version of init ().

    The question arises:-
    Q. Why is it recommended to use the unmatched version of init () instead of the parameterized version shown above?
    Years. To answer this question, we must go into details. Think like developers; H. There must be a good reason for this, and the answer will amaze you. Come and answer:

    Every time the servlet lifecycle method is executed, i.e. when public void init (ServletConfig con) throws a ServletException, our public void init (ServletConfig con) ServletException class is thrown, but we have to run the code that initializes the servlet config object in the written method “HttpServlet”. public void init (ServletConfig con) throws ServletException, ie:
    The encoding of the HttpServlet class is as follows:

    public void init (ServletConfig con) throws ServletException{   // Code for initializing the ServletConfig objectinside (); // This HttpServlet has 2 init (), one is installed and the other is not         // setting. But this non-parameterized version of init () has an empty body.         // So this call is unnecessary.}}

    Now let’s see the code of our class

    public void init (ServletConfig con) throws exception ServletException{super.init (against); // Our init () class is executed first, but to execute HttpServlet init () we need                 // used a great keyword. And the database connection code will be native}}

    NOTE. – As we can see, there should be 3 init () calls in total. Init () is first called by our class, then by the HttpServlet class, and then by the non-parametric version of the HttpServlet class.

    But now we can do the same with fewer calls:

    The encoding of parameterized and non-parametric init () versions in HttpServlet remains unchanged. In our class, however, we are overriding the non-parameterized version of init (), but the unparalleled version of init ().

    Let’s take a look at the encoding of our init () version without class parameters:

    public void init () throws ServletException{   // code for connecting to the database}}

    NOTE. Since this method throws a public ServletException void init (), the HttpServlet class has been rewritten, which has the following code:

    public void init () throws ServletException{   // empty body}}

    Since the body is empty, it callsI am a “helper” method because it is used for global purposes.

    Now, when the servlet starts executing its methods, it calls the parameterized version of init (). Since we don’t need to override the parameterized version, the parameterized version of the HttpServlet is called by the init () function. Since the encoding of the parameterized version of init () from HttpServlet is the same as above, init () is called from there (i.e. the unmatched version of init). It will call our non-parameterized version of the init () class and the code will continue.
    As you can see, the total number of init () calls is 2, which is less than in the first approach. Hence, the second approach will require less execution time and less headache for the processor to hold on to the stack, and will be faster compared to the first approach.
    Therefore, it is highly recommended to override the unparalleled init () version. While both are used, the first approach is rarely used to improve efficiency, and we also need to use the super keyword in the first approach. Therefore, we rewrotean unparametrized version of init () in the program mentioned below.

    What Is A Servlet?

    A servlet is a Java program that runs on a web server during the servlet lifecycle. Servlets are used to create dynamic web applications. The content of a dynamic web application can be modified based on a specific request sent to the server. This is a major advantage over a static web application.

    program for servlet life cycle

    All interfaces and classes for creating and operating servlets are in two packages: javax.servlet and javax.servlet.http.

    The latest version of the Servlet API is Servlet 4.0. It was released with Java Enterprise Edition 8. Added support for HTTP / 2 and Server Push. Servlets are portable, efficient, scalable, and reliable.

    Before we start the servlet lifecycle, we need to look at some of the terms you’ll come across a lot in this article. This will help you figure things out faster.

    The web server is 1 that processes the HTTP requests from the client and responds to the request with an HTTP response.

    A web container is also called a servlet container or c rvletov. It is the main web server component that interacts with servlets. He is responsible for managing the servlet lifecycle.

    Init () Method

    The initialization method is called only once. It is only called when the servlet is created and is not subsequently called upon user requests. Hence, it is used for one-time initialization just like the Init method of applets.

    A servlet is usually created the first time a user visits the URL corresponding to the servlet. However, you can choose to load the servlet when you first start the server.

    When a user invokes a servlet, only one instance of each servlet is created, with each user request leading to a new thread, which is passed to doGet or doPost as appropriate. The init () method simply creates or loads data that will be used for the lifetime of the servlet.

    The definition of the initialization method looks like this:

    public void init () throws ServletException {   // initialization code ...}}

    Service () Method

    The service () method is the main method for executingthe actual task. The servlet container (that is, the web server) calls the service () method to process requests from the client (browser) and write a formatted response to the client.

    Every time the server receives a servlet request, the server creates a new thread and calls the service. The service () method checks the type of the HTTP request (GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc.) and calls the methods doGet, doPost, doPut, doDelete, etc. as appropriate.

    Here is the signature of this method –

    invalid public service (ServletRequest, ServletResponse)   throws ServletException, IOException {}}

    The service () method is called by the container, and the service method calls doGet, doPost, doPut, doDelete, etc. correspondents. So you have nothing to do with the service () method, instead replace doGet () or doPost () depending on the type of request you are receiving from the client.

    doGet () and doPost () are most commonly used in any service request. Here is the signature of these two methods.

    DoGet () Method

    A GET request is the result of a normal request for a URL or HTML form for which no METHOD is specified and must be processed by the doGet () method.

    public void doGet (HttpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse)   select things ServletException, IOException {   // servlet code}}

    The DoPost () Method

    A POST request is the result of an HTML form that specifically specifies POST as a METHOD and must be processed by the doPost () method.

    public void doPost (HttpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse)   throws ServletException, IOException {   // servlet code}}

    The Destroy () Method

    The destroy () method is called only once at the end of the servlet’s lifecycle. This method gives the servlet the ability to close the database connections and suspend the background