Today’s guide is designed to help you if you receive a bit error code for the Wine executable.
I have problems installing iTunes from Wine. I can tell you how to make it work, but it may not work correctly. If it doesn’t work as expected, it can be difficult to remove.
Do one of the following: right-click the executable file, select Properties, then Permissions, click Allow this file to run, and make sure the read / write permissions are set. This allows Wine to open and run the file.
1.2 What Is Wine?
1.2.1 Windows and Linux
Different software is designed for different operating systems, and most will not work on systems for which they were not designed. For example, Windows programs do not work on Linux because they contain instructions that the system cannot understand until they are translated by the Windows environment. Linux programs also do not work on the Windows operating system because Windows cannot interpret all instructions.
This situation presents a serious problem for anyone looking to run Windows and Linux software. ScheduleAn alternative solution to this problem is to install both operating systems on one computer, which is called “manual start”. When a Windows program is needed, the user boots the computer into Windows to run it. Then, when a Linux program is required, the user reboots the Linux computer. This option is very difficult: not only does the user have to endure the frustration of frequent reboots, but programs for both platforms cannot run simultaneously. Having Windows on the same system also creates an additional burden: the software is expensive, requires a separate hard disk partition and cannot read most file system formats, which makes it difficult to exchange data between systems.
1.2.2 What is wine and how can it help me?
Wine allows Windows programs to run on any Unix-like operating system, especially Linux. Essentially, Wine is an implementation of the Windows Application Programming Interface (API) library that acts as a bridge between a Windows program and Linux. Think of Wine as a compatible layer ti. When a Windows program tries to execute a function that Linux normally does not understand, Wine translates that program’s instructions into a system-supported function. For example, when a program asks the system to create a Windows button or edit text field, Wine converts that instruction to the Linux equivalent as a command for a window manager using the standard X11 protocol.
If you have access to the source code for a Windows program, Wine can also be used to recompile a program into a format more readable for Linux. Wine is still required to run the recompiled program. However, compiling a Windows program native to Linux has many benefits. For more information see the Winelib User Guide.
1.2.3 Wine Functions
During the development process, Wine has continually expanded the functions and programs it can run. Here is a partial list of these features:
- Support for running Win64, Win32 (Win 95/98, NT / 2000 / XP / 2003 / Vista / 2008/7/8 / 8.1 / 10), Win16 (Win 3.1) and DOS programs
- Optional use of DLL files from external providers (e.g. incl Windows).
- An X11-based graphical display that allows each X terminal to be viewed remotely, as well as a text console.
- Graphics support for macOS and Android.
- Desktop-in-a-Box or Mixed Windows
- DirectX Support for Games
- Good support for various audio drivers including ALSA, OSS, PulseAudio and CoreAudio.
- Support for other input devices such as graphics tablets.
- Printing: PostScript interface driver for using standard Unix PostScript printing services such as CUPS.
- Support for modems and serial devices.
- Winsock TCP / IP Networking Support
- ASPI (SCSI) support for scanners, CD burners and other peripherals.
- Enhanced Unicode and Foreign Language Support
- Complete Wine debugger and custom trace log messages for easy troubleshooting.